Acts overview mark dunagan commentary on the bible. In the concluding comments of marks gospel, jesus commissioned the disciples to take the gospel into all the world. Last week as we finished the easter cycle and crowned it with pentecost. Introduction to the book of acts study resources blue letter bible. Options for marks ending why is the ending of mark so uncommon from the rest. We also finished the lengthy reading of the acts of the apostles. A tribute to a very good adaptation of the book of acts produced by mark. By regular standards, the top 10 should stay almost the same, but judges should be around 8 or 9 sirsalvador. Perhaps acts 29, 30 and so forth are really for our. Why does the book of acts end in such a lame manner. This is the third in a series of three smallgroup bible study discussion guides luke 19, luke 1024 and selected portions of acts which explore the meaning of witness. How can you be an obedient witness in sharing the gospel with the people around you. In this book, the principles of the exchanged life. If we continue to follow jesus, he will lead us to people and places that need to hear the gospel.
It must be remembered that the division between the books of kings and samuel is equally artificial, and that in point of fact the historical books commencing with judges and ending with 2kings. The similarly named biblical books are located at books of kings the acts of the kings of israel is a noncanonical work described in 2 chronicles 33. In fact, the story doesnt end at the end of the book of acts. Some scholars point out that luke makes no reference to any event later than ad 62 leaving out the persecutions of nero, the fall of jerusalem, and much more. One is simply to strengthen believers as witnesses to the work and life of jesus, both in history and in their lives. The abrupt ending of acts prior to pauls trial before caesar lends support to the idea that it may have initially served as a legal brief in pauls behalf cf. The ending of the book of acts and writing volume 3. For an outline of both 1 and 2 kings see introduction to 1 kings. So, god interrupted that prophetic program and began a mystery program that he had kept secret. Posted on february 25, 2009 february 24, 2009 by pam larson. Acts is the book that reveals the power of the church. The acts of the apostles often referred to simply as acts, or formally the book of acts, is the fifth.
Judges is such an interesting and amazing books of the bible, and is also quite entertaining. Broadus examined the twelve verses that precede mark 16. This summary of the book of 2 kings provides information about the title, authors, date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the book of 2 kings. Therefore, when a church begins to dwindle, lose its power, and turn dull and drab in its witness, it needs desperately to get back into the spirit, expectation, knowledge and teaching of the book of acts. The hebrew canon treats the 2 books of samuel as one book, and the 2 books of kings as one. There are 10 commandments written in exodus chapter 20 verses 117. One of the real benefits of the book of acts is that it enables us to date pauls letters. You and i today carry on the work of the apostles who were sent forth to preach jesus and his gospel, that is not to say, of course. But in acts it is simply telling a story the story of jesus, the story of how jesus has changed someones life, changed a whole community. Kings, first and second books of definition and meaning. It seems strange that luke would deliberately leave us in suspense concerning the outcome of that trial. Bob deffinbaugh comments on the ending of the book of acts.
The lost chapter of acts of the apostles acts 29 acts 29. We cannot know with certainty why the author elected to end the book of acts without describing what happened to paul in rome. Later manuscripts or copies of mark add on one of three different alternative endings, composed by editors to try and blunt the abruptness of marks original ending. Its news too good to keep to ourselves rocky creek. The book of acts opens where the gospel record of luke left off compare luke chapter 24 with acts chapter 1. If we consider the third imperative theme of luke acts, we easily see these concluding remarks as a fulfillment of the office and ministry of the prophet and. Really, though, the book is called kings because uh, its about kings. As john chrysostom noted, the author brings his narrative to this point, and leaves the hearer thirsty for more hom. When the book opened, national israel refused to hear peter and the 11 apostles preach about jesus christ. Two questions about the ending of acts of the apostles.
Luke, the man who accompanied the apostle paul for many years. The acts of the apostles is a patterned and repetitive portrayal of ancient events that seeks to tell a. The comment has often been made that there is no proper, formal ending to the book of acts because the story goes on. I just finished episode 12 and it ended so abruptly i want to know. The church has made horrendous errors along the way. Acts is the 5th book of the new testament in the common arrangement of the new testament canon.
The fate of paul, his trial before caesar, and whether he was able to continue travels westward are questions that luke does not answer. The second is to serve as preparation for urbana96. The book of acts ends with paul in house arrest waiting to present his case before caesar. Luke begins the book of acts where the gospel of luke ends, and you can divide this book into three great sections. Chapter 5 the book of acts western reformed seminary. Oct 28, 2009 by abrupt, i assume you mean the end of acts. Bruce, then a date related to the end of pauls first roman imprisonment, a. This is the second volume of a twovolume set by dr. Some historical dates related to the historical events recorded in acts. If the book of acts were taken out of our new testament, we would never. It seems most likely, then, that the abrupt ending is an indication that luke completed acts c. Its chronological connection with the gospel of luke is obvious, but why it proceeds in the manner it does, and why its author luke selected the incidents he did is not always particularly clear.
The gospelcenteredness of paul knowing god through his. There are a lot of kings in this bookand theyre usually pretty bad. The jerusalem church suffers intense persecution in chapter 12 under king herodapostle james is beheaded. Apr 28, 2019 in the concluding comments of marks gospel, jesus commissioned the disciples to take the gospel into all the world. But it is about history, in the sense that its the narrators specific interpretation of the history and destiny of judah and israel. Luke ends acts as he does because he has no more information at his disposal to report. The separation in the hebrew into 2 books of kings dates to the rabbinic bible of daniel bomberg venice, 151617, who adds in a footnote, here the nonjews i. T he book of acts in the bible, written around 6263 a. Paul indicates that seeing the lord is an essential criterion for one claiming to be an apostle.
Some have explained this ending by suggesting that luke intended to write yet another volume. The goal of the book of acts is to spread the gospel by the apostles from jerusalem to the whole world 1. Acts has an abrupt ending because the life of jesus is still going on. According to the book of acts the main criteria in deciding who would replace judas iscariot as the twelfth apostle after he had betrayed jesus and killed himself was that the one chosen had been with jesus in his lifetime and was a witness to his resurrection. Prestons overview of the book of acts, titled introduction to acts and the restoration of israel. Oct 23, 2006 im sure there are many theories as to why luke ends the book of acts in this way, but heres one good reason the ending fits. But to be honest, the book has an unfinished quality to it. This original ending of mark was viewed by later christians as so deficient that not only was. Paul is awaiting his final trial in rome, to appear before the emperor or one of his high officials. The work that jesus began to do was continued in acts through the holy spirit.
While there are some areas of great detail of the acts of the apostles, many times you must use cross references to the gospels of matthew, mark, luke and john as well as some other epistles in the new testament to get the full picture of what was. The ending of acts plays an important role in route of determining the book s date. The book of acts, while written by the pen of luke, was certainly inspired by the holy spirit. Luke is again writing to theophilus to tell him what happened concerning the lord jesus christs earthly ministry and his apostles ministry once. During the late 18 th century ad, an ancient manuscript was unearthed and published which seemed to be the missing ending to the book of acts. This chapter reveals the conversion of saul of tarsus, the mighty persecutor acts 9. The strange ending of the gospel of mark and why it makes. An amazing interesting story of an oppressed people being led out of their despair through a miracle and one man striving with the lord by his side to free the exodus out of egypt. If one is bothered by the abrupt ending paul still in prison in rome, f. Perhaps he finished writing acts while paul was still in prison that would be about 62 ce. As i wrote a few posts ago, a favorite book from my college religion courses was burton throckmortons gospel parallels, which lays out the synoptic gospelsmathew, mark, and lukein order to show textual similarities and differences.
Luke concluded writing acts when he was with paul in rome about a. It seems most likely, then, that the abrupt ending is an indication that luke wrote acts c. The abrupt ending of the book is strong evidence for the date. The author wrote a long time after paul died there and was likely to have known that. The book was divided into the two books of first kings and second kings in the historical books of the greek septuagint old testament, and continues as such in the latin vulgate and our christian old testament of the bible. Im calling you to be the apostle to the gentiles, to bear my name before kings. One final word about the supposedly sudden and abrupt ending of the book of acts.
But later on, after the advent of christianity, they were split in half. Now the rest of the acts of manasseh, and his prayer unto his god, and the words of the seers that spake to him in the name of the lord god of israel, behold, they are written in the book of the kings of israel. Some have explained this ending by suggesting that luke. The ending of acts plays an important role in route of determining the books date. Clicking on a chapter will show you the text of that chapter of acts in the bible king james version. One problem with this explanation of acts ending is that all indications in acts are that paul will be acquitted of the charges against him see 23. The legal character and purposes of the book of acts. This overview demonstrates that, throughout the book of acts, the hope of israel and the restoration of israel are shown to be fulfilled in christ.
In the new king james version nkjv bible, we find that amen occurs at the end of most of the books because it follows a different greek text or apparatus. It must be remembered that the division between the books of kings and samuel is equally artificial, and that in point of fact the historical books commencing with judges and ending. Although much of the information is the same as that found in 2 samuel2 kings often verbatim, the books of chronicles more specifically identify the setbacks of. Dec 15, 2017 the book of acts opens where the gospel record of luke left off compare luke chapter 24 with acts chapter 1. King solomon reigned over the united kingdom of israel circa 960 to 922 bc, and built the temple of solomon in jerusalem in the midtenth century bc. Its an attempt to search for deeper meanings in that story, to try to figure out why things happened the way they did, regardless of how many legendary tales or. Books of kings, two books of the hebrew bible or the protestant old testament that, together with deuteronomy, joshua, judges, and 1 and 2 samuel, belong to the group of historical books deuteronomic history written during the babylonian exile c. Some of the apostles are not mentioned after the first chapter, so that name is ruled out. Acts bible book with full chapters king james version. Kings, first and second books of, originally only one book in the hebrew canon, from in the lxx.
The ending of acts with paul in rome forms an inclusio with the words of jesus at the ascension in acts 1. The strange ending of the gospel of mark and why it makes all the. Surely luke, who devoted more than half of acts to pauls ministry, would have given the outcome of that trial, and described pauls subsequent ministry, second imprisonment cf. The city of rome was considered an extremity to the west, and the.
The ending of the book of acts and writing volume 3 practical. The book of kings is the ninth book of the hebrew bible or the eleventh and twelfth books of the christian old testament. There is an abrupt ending of the book of acts at that point. The strange ending of the gospel of mark and why it. I think that the ending of acts is both beautiful, and.
Originally, 2 kings and 1 kings were part of the same book in hebrew. It gives us some truly inspiring chunks of what the apostles were doing and where they were going back in the first century ad, although peter and paul are unquestionably the chief focus. Kings, or in greek, was originally a book of the former prophets in hebrew scripture. Luke is again writing to theophilus to tell him what happened concerning the lord jesus christs earthly ministry and his apostles ministry once he returned to heaven cf. That date is the most natural explanation for the abrupt ending of actswhich leaves paul awaiting trial before caesar. Okay, so regarding your statement that the language and style of the greek is clearly not markan. Theme in acts, believers are empowered by the holy spirit to bear witness to the good news of jesus christ among both jews and gentiles, and in doing this they establish the church. It comes directly after the four gospels and before the letters of paul. Acts ends abruptly without recording the outcome of pauls legal troubles. A few hypotheses have developed seeking to solve lukes intention for his abrupt ending. From ehud to deborah, barak and jael, to gideon and many more, judges is a very amazing book. Its abrupt ending, almost midsentence, leaves the book of acts as a work of. It also lists as a source the book of the kings of israel and combined the book of the kings of israel and judah, but also the chronicles of king david and several others. The acts of the apostles is the fifth book in the new testament.
It concludes the deuteronomistic history, a history of israel also comprising the books of joshua and judges and the book of samuel, which biblical commentators believe was written to provide a theological explanation for the destruction of the kingdom of judah by babylon in. Sometimes the book of acts is called the acts of the holy spirit. Vocabulary and style are very similar throughout the two books luke and acts. The book ends here because there was nothing else to report, hence the book was written around 62 a. The first book of kings begins with the elderly king david naming solomon, his son by bathsheba, as king of israel and judah to succeed him. Solomon prays to the lord god to give him wisdom to. The book of acts jesus told his people to go into all the world and preach the gospel to every creature mark 16. The primary reason for the book of acts is to show how god was just, fair, in setting israel aside for a time. Jan 10, 2016 the oldest copies of mark have this abrupt ending with no sightings or appearances of jesus to anyone. The book of acts is just the beginning of the record of the operation of the body of christ at work in the world since his resurrection and ascension. The book of acts has always been somewhat of a mystery to commentators. A meditation on the abrupt end of the acts of the apostles. Codification of holiness to deepen divinehuman relationship i.1404 1277 725 809 282 1580 162 551 137 1547 308 1606 270 785 757 1563 9 1554 1672 393 727 360 1255 1528 352 179 56 1585 1252 1017 1076 1113 1617 1471 774 1196 260 757 369 1109 1285 818 300